Pilot Project

Migrants, Minorities, Belonging and Citizenship:
Glocalization and Participation Dilemmas in the European Union and Small States

GLOCALMIG was the pilot project of Eurosphere. It was an accompanying measure, funded by the European Commission in the 5th Framework Programme, Key Action Improving the Socio-economic Knowledge Base. The formal lifetime of Glocalmig was twelve months, between 1 February 2003 and 31 January 2004.

The abbreviation ‘GLOCALMIG’ stands for the terms ‘the global’, ‘the local’, ‘the glocal’ (i.e. the global in the local), and international ‘migration’. To these, we should also add the term mobility, understood both as physical and psychic mobility (mobility of bodies and mobility of minds), which proved to be important concepts during the execution of the project.

The University of Bergen was the project coordinator. Six of the present EUROSPHERE partners participated in GLOCALMIG: Austrian Academy of Sciences (Rainer Bauböck), Aalborg University (Ulf Hedetoft), Estonian Institute of Humanities (Mikko Lagerspetz), University of Helsinki (Tom Sandlund), Central European University (András Bozóki), and University of Bergen (Yngve Lithman and Hakan Sicakkan).

Research themes of GLOCALMIG

How is coexistence in diversity possible? In what sorts of public spaces can diversity be accommodated? Are there some empirical prototypes of such inclusive public spaces in Europe which can be investigated as a model for a future European diverse society? GLOCALMIG sought answers to these questions in six European “glocal public spaces” in six countries (Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, and Norway) with a focus on the statuses, rights, obligations, and qualit of citizenship of six groups:

  • majority citizens
  • second country nationals
  • third country nationals
  • historical native minorities
  • extra-European citizens of the Member and Associated States
  • persons who define themselves as not belonging to any group

By focusing on these six groups, GLOCALMIG uncovered the alignments and misalignments, or mismatches, between the existing forms of belonging and the prevailing norms, institutions, structures, practices of citizenship with a specific focus on what we call ‘glocal spaces’. The project also did an attempt to detect the existing institutions and structures that are inclusive and democratic enough to eliminate misalignments as well as proposing alternative ways of reducing the misalignments.

GLOCALMIG final report published by the European Commission

Glocalmig final report, download (pdf)

Publications in GLOCALMIG Dissemination Series

Volume 1
Hakan G. Sicakkan

The University of Bergen
Migrants, Minorities, Belongings and Citizenship:
Standardized Research Tools for Data Collection, Data Analysis and for Measuring the Quality of Citizenships in European Countries

Volume 2
Rainer Bauböck (vol. ed.),
by W. Fischer, B. Herzog-Punzenberger and H. Waldrauch

Austrian Academy of Sciences
Migrants, Minorities, Belongings and Citizenship:
The Case of Austria

Volume 3
Ulf Hedetoft (vol. ed.), by L. Vikkelsø Slot

Aalborg University
Migrants, Minorities, Belongings and Citizenship:
The Case of Denmark

Volume 4
Mikko Lagerspetz and Sofia Joons

Estonian Institute of Humanities
Migrants, Minorities, Belongings and Citizenship:
The Case of Estonia

Volume 5
Tom Sandlund (vol. ed.), by Perttu Salmenhaara and Sanna Saksela

The University of Helsinki
Migrants, Minorities, Belongings and Citizenship:
The Case of Finland

Volume 6
András Bozóki and Barbara Bősze

Central European University Budapest Foundation
Migrants, Minorities, Belongings and Citizenship:
The Case of Hungary

Volume 7
Hakan G. Sicakkan (vol. ed.), by Jørgen Melve

The University of Bergen
Migrants, Minorities, Belongings and Citizenship:
The Case of Norway

Volume 8
Hakan G. Sicakkan

The University of Bergen
Migrants, Minorities, Belongings and Citizenship:
Belonging and the Quality of Citizenships: A Comparative Study of Six European Countries

Links to websites giving more information about GLOCALMIG:

Presentation by the European Commission

Presentation on the CORDIS Library

Presentation at the University of Bergen

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